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If there's no obvious cause, they might be able to prescribe medicine to treat your hiccups. This doesn't work for everyone. Page last reviewed: 15 July Next review due: 15 July Things you can do yourself to stop or prevent hiccups Although many people find these things helpful, there's no evidence that they work for everyone. Do breathe into a paper bag don't put it over your head pull your knees up to your chest and lean forward sip ice-cold water swallow some granulated sugar bite on a lemon or taste vinegar hold your breath for a short time.

Don't do not drink alcoholic, fizzy or hot drinks do not chew gum or smoke — these can cause you to swallow air do not eat spicy food do not eat food very quickly do not eat or drink something very cold immediately after something hot. Aesthet Surg J. Atrial pacing wires: an uncommon cause of postoperative hiccups. Br J Hosp Med Lond. Midazolam conscious sedation in a large Danish municipal dental service for children and adolescents. Int J Paediatr Dent. Donepezil-related intractable hiccups: a case report.

Violent hiccups: an infrequent cause of bradyarrhythmias. West J Emerg Med. Pharmacologic interventions for intractable and persistent hiccups: a systematic review. J Emerg Med. Interventions for treating persistent and intractable hiccups in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. Systemic review: the pathogenesis and pharmacological treatment of hiccups. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. Gabapentin as a drug therapy of intractable hiccup because of vascular lesion: a three-year follow up.

Gabapentin for intractable hiccups in a patient undergoing peritoneal dialysis. Perit Dial Int. Marinella MA. Diagnosis and management of hiccups in the patient with advanced cancer. J Support Oncol. Turkyilmaz A, Eroglu A. Use of baclofen in the treatment of esophageal stent-related hiccups. Ann Thorac Surg. Colorado B, Decker G.

Persistent hiccups after an epidural steroid injection successfully treated with baclofen: a case report. Olanzapine and baclofen for the treatment of intractable hiccups. Successful treatment of intractable hiccups by oral application of lidocaine. Support Care Cancer. Antiemetic corticosteroid rotation from dexamethasone to methylprednisolone to prevent dexamethasone-induced hiccup in cancer patients treated with chemotherapy: randomized, single-blind, crossover phase III trial.

Resolution of intractable hiccups after near-infrared irradiation of relevant acupoints.

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Am J Med Sci. Aug Efficacy of near-infrared irradiation on intractable hiccup in custom-set acupoints: evidence-based analysis of treatment outcome and associated factors.

Scand J Gastroenterol. Acupuncture for persistent postoperative hiccup. Acupuncture for cancer patients suffering from hiccups: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Complement Ther Med. Microvascular decompression for intractable singultus: technical case report. Johnson DL. Intractable hiccups: treatment by microvascular decompression of the vagus nerve. Case Report. J Neurosurg. Log In. Sign Up It's Free!

What you need to know about hiccups

Register Log In. No Results. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. Log out Cancel. Share Email Print Feedback Close. Practice Essentials Brief episodes of hiccups are a common part of life; however, prolonged attacks are a more serious phenomenon and have been associated with significant morbidity and even death.

Practice Essentials

Signs and symptoms No medical training is required to recognize hiccups. The history should address the following: Surgical history.

Why do we hiccup? - John Cameron

Head — Foreign body or aberrant hair adjacent to tympanic membrane; glaucoma. Neck — Inflammation; mass lesions; goiter; voice abnormalities; stiffness. Cardiovascular system — Arrhythmias; myocardial infarction MI ; pericarditis; unequal pulses. Abdomen — Gastric atony; organomegaly; subphrenic abscess; cholecystitis; appendicitis; abdominal aortic aneurysm AAA ; pancreatitis; peritonitis. Nervous system — Focal lesions; disordered higher mental function; indications of multiple sclerosis. Electrolytes - Hyponatremia, hypokalemia, hypocalcemia, and hyperglycemia.

Metoclopramide [ 1 ]. Analgesics eg, orphenadrine, amitriptyline, chloral hydrate, and morphine. Stimulants eg, ephedrine, methylphenidate, amphetamine, and nikethamide. Miscellaneous agents eg, edrophonium, dexamethasone, amantadine, and nifedipine. Techniques affecting components of the hiccup reflex - Stimulation of the nasopharynx; C dermatome stimulation; direct pharyngeal stimulation; direct uvular stimulation; removal of gastric contents.

Techniques leading to vagal stimulation - Iced gastric lavage; Valsalva maneuver; carotid sinus massage; digital rectal massage; digital ocular globe pressure.

Why we get hiccups

Microvascular decompression of the vagus nerve according to case reports. Background The term hiccup derives from the sound of the event; the alternative spelling hiccough erroneously implies an association with respiratory reflexes. Pathophysiology Hiccups appear to serve no purpose in humans or other mammals. Afferent limb - Phrenic and vagus nerves and sympathetic chain arising from T6 to T Connections to the respiratory center, phrenic nerve nuclei, medullary reticular formation, and hypothalamus. Efferents - Phrenic nerve C , anterior scalene muscles C , external intercostals T , glottis recurrent laryngeal component of vagus , inhibitory autonomic processes, decreasing esophageal contraction tone, and lower esophageal sphincter tone. Etiology The cause of hiccups in children and infants is rarely found. Typical causes include the following: Gastric distention ie, from food, alcohol, or air. Structural lesions [ 5 , 6 ] - Congenital malformations, malignancies, or multiple sclerosis. Myocardial ischemia [ 7 ]. Recurrent laryngeal nerve - Mass lesions in the neck, goiter , or laryngitis [ 8 ]. Thoracic branches - Infection, tumors, [ 9 ] esophagitis ie, reflux , myocardial infarction MI , asthma , trauma, thoracic aortic aneurysm, or pacemaker lead complications [ 10 ]. Abdominal branches - Tumors, [ 11 ] gastric distention, peptic ulcer , abdominal aortic aneurysm, infection, organ enlargement, or inflammation eg, appendicitis, cholecystitis, pancreatitis, [ 12 ] or inflammatory bowel disease.

Benzodiazepines [ 15 ]. Donepezil [ 16 ]. Epidemiology Hiccups can occur at any age.